Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Experience in Sainthamarthu Housing Programme Randunu Sunil Premasiri 2012-01-03T10:10:23Z 2012-01-03T10:07:17Z <p>  </p> <p> <strong><em><u>Communities participated Owner Driven Housing Programme at Karawahuwattai, Sainthamaruthu.</u></em></strong></p> <p> This housing scheme is located at Karawahuwattai, Sainthamaruthu – 15 of Sainthamaruthu Divisional Secretary Division in Ampara District in Eastern Sri Lanka . Sainthamaruthu Divisional Secretary Division had been affected by Tsunami.</p> <p align="left"> <strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;General Information of Sainthamaruthu DS Division:</strong></p> <p align="left">  </p> <table border="1" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width:354px;height:24px;"> <p align="center"> <strong>Description</strong></p> </td> <td style="width:144px;height:24px;"> <p align="center"> <strong>Information</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width:354px;height:24px;"> <p align="left"> Area (square kilo meters)</p> </td> <td style="width:144px;height:24px;"> <p align="center"> 09</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width:354px;height:24px;"> <p align="left"> # of GN Divisions</p> </td> <td style="width:144px;height:24px;"> <p align="center"> 17</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width:354px;height:24px;"> <p align="left"> # of Tsunami Affected GN Divisions</p> </td> <td style="width:144px;height:24px;"> <p align="center"> 09</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width:354px;height:24px;"> <p align="left"> Total population (2004 Census)</p> </td> <td style="width:144px;height:24px;"> <p align="center"> 25528</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width:354px;height:24px;"> <p align="left"> Ratio male to female population</p> </td> <td style="width:144px;height:24px;"> <p align="center"> 51 / 49</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width:354px;height:24px;"> <p align="left"> Approx. number of families</p> </td> <td style="width:144px;height:24px;"> <p align="center"> 6494</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width:354px;height:24px;"> <p align="left"> Population per square kilometer</p> </td> <td style="width:144px;height:24px;"> <p align="center"> 2777</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width:354px;height:24px;"> <p align="left"> Number of families displaced</p> </td> <td style="width:144px;height:24px;"> <p align="center"> 3846</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width:354px;height:24px;"> <p align="left"> Families back in permanent housing</p> </td> <td style="width:144px;height:24px;"> <p align="center"> 250</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width:354px;height:24px;"> <p align="left"> Voluntarily resettled families in own houses</p> </td> <td style="width:144px;height:24px;"> <p align="center"> 1972</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width:354px;height:24px;"> <p align="left"> Families In welfare centers</p> </td> <td style="width:144px;height:24px;"> <p align="center"> 1380</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width:354px;height:24px;"> <p align="left"> Families in individual shelters</p> </td> <td style="width:144px;height:24px;"> <p align="center"> 739</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width:354px;height:24px;"> <p align="left"> Families live In friend’s and relative’s houses</p> </td> <td style="width:144px;height:24px;"> <p align="center"> 790</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p align="left">  </p> <p> Still 800 families live in refugee camps without permanent shelters out of 30 families were resettled in 2010. &nbsp;Total allocation were Rs. 22.5Mn and each house unit cost was Rs 0.75mn. &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p> <strong>Issues;</strong></p> <p style="margin-left:38.25pt;"> ·&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 800 Tsunami affected families are still living in refugee camps.</p> <p style="margin-left:38.25pt;"> ·&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; affected people &nbsp;in refugee camps are facing many problems (small temporary cottage which are &nbsp;very hot, poor environment, social and economic issues),</p> <p style="margin-left:38.25pt;"> ·&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Government is spending money for water supply, electricity supply and refugee camps maintain cost,</p> <p> <strong>Details of this activity</strong></p> <p style="margin-left:58.5pt;"> ·&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; No. of Houses – 30</p> <p style="margin-left:58.5pt;"> ·&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Total Allocation – 22.5Million</p> <p style="margin-left:58.5pt;"> ·&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Total Expenditure – 23.6 Million</p> <p style="margin-left:58.5pt;"> ·&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Technical advice by NHDA.</p> <p>  </p> <p>  </p> <p> <strong><u>Methods of Implementation</u></strong></p> <p style="margin-left:38.7pt;"> ·&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Formed a management committee of 30 beneficiaries,</p> <p style="margin-left:38.7pt;"> ·&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Committee collected money from each beneficiary and purchased construction material in lower price in bulk and transported by themselves.</p> <p style="margin-left:38.7pt;"> ·&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Beneficiaries utilized their manpower as unskilled labour.,</p> <p> <strong><u>Outcomes</u></strong></p> <p> ·&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 30 houses constructed</p> <p> ·&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Allocated amount for a house was 0 .75 Mn Rs. but currently each house valued around 1.2Mn Rs. Due to their labour, material contribution and savings due to bulk purchases.</p> <p> ·&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Good quality houses match with beneficiary requirements.</p> <p> ·&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Skills they got working in their sites.</p> <p> ·&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Houses are in &nbsp;high quality compare with donor driven houses constructed by other agencies.</p> <p style="margin-left:.25in;">  </p> <p> This programme is Owner Driven and money released to &nbsp;beneficiary’s individual bank account. District Programme Management Unit of IFAD staff &nbsp;discussed with 30 beneficiaries and relevant staffs regarding community participation , planning and monitoring. &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Randunu Sunil Premasiri 2012-01-03T10:07:17Z