In an attempt to address this health crisis, there is a global consensus that the focus should be on
prevention rather than cure. Schools have been identified as one of the most cost-effective
settings for running health promotion programs designed to prevent key risk factors responsible
for non-communicable diseases, principally poor nutrition, physical inactivity, smoking, and
irresponsible alcohol consumption.
One health promotion initiative being introduced throughout schools in Fiji is school gardening.
School gardens provide students with the knowledge, skills and opportunity to grow and eat fresh
fruits and vegetables, whilst also promoting physical activity. It is hoped that by encouraging these
behaviours early in life, students will adopt healthy attitudes and behaviours that will
continue into adulthood.
This handbook is designed to be a resource for primary school teachers and aims to provide
simple, relevant and practical information on gardening to inform their theoretical and practical
instruction of students.