A new Sub-regional Strategic Opportunities Paper for the Pacific Islands, being formulated September 2012 through March 2013, is scheduled for submission to the IFAD executive Board in September 2013. It will cover IFAD activities in the Pacific Islands for the period 2013-2018.
This will replace the current framework for development collaboration, the 2004 Sub-regional Strategic Opportunities Paper for the Pacific Islands. Collaboration under the 2004 IFAD subregional strategy has introduced development innovations in selected poor rural communities throughout the Pacific Island countries. These include parts of Melanesian countries and the remote outer islands of Polynesian and Micronesian countries, all of which show increasing hardship for rural poor people. The development of agriculture and rural sectors in the outer islands has become a cornerstone ofIFAD's strategy in Pacific Islands Countries. The IFAD Pacific Islands programme has distinguished itself through excellent work in community empowerment in the outer islands.
IFAD has undertaken recent multi-sectoral analyses entitled “IFAD Rural Sector Performance Assessment (RSP) – Investing in the Rural Poor.” These are available for Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, and Tonga.
Ongoing Country and Regional Projects
- Productive Partnerships in Agriculture Project, co-financed with the World Bank, is a USD 14.0 million Country Loan to Papua New Guinea, effective 2010-2016.
- Fair Trade Promotion is a USD 500,000 Country Grant to Papua New Guinea, effective 2010-2013.
- Women in Market Management and Improvement is a Regional Grant to Papua New Guinea of USD 200,000 effective 2009-2013.
- Rural Development Programme, involves a USD 4.0 million DSF Grantto the Solomon Islands,co-financed with the World Bank, EC and AusAID. The project is effective 2010-2014.
- Tonga Rural Innovation Projectis a USD 4.0 million DSF Grant to Tonga, effective 2012-2017.
- Partnerships in High Value Agriculture Project is a USD 600,000 Country Grant to Fiji, effective 2013-2014.
- Food Security and Sustainable Livelihoods Programme (FSSLP)is implemented by FAO, and is available for all Pacific Island countries. The USD 1.5 million Regional Grant is effective 2009-2013.
- Root and Tuber Crops Research and Development Programme for food security in Asia & the Pacificis a project for all Pacific Island countries.
- Development and Pilot Implementation of Pacific Organic/Ethical Trade Initiatives is available for all Pacific Island countries. The USD 500,000 Regional Grant is effective 2013-2014.
History of IFAD's work in the Pacific Islands
IFAD’s work to address issues of rural poverty directly impacts hunger and poverty, and also improves local capacity by increasing coping skills. Between 1981-1993 IFAD made ten loans to Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands & Tonga. During the decade 1993-2003 there were no new projects. Then in 2004, the approval of the current Sub-Regional Strategy Development paved the way for a series of Country-specific and Regional Projects.
These projects included Loans and Grants, and sometimes co-funding with other institutions. The design and implementation was undertaken with various national-level and regional organisations.
The Key Targets in IFAD’s Pacific Island programme have been Outer Islands and Youth. The Key Themes have been Food Production, Food Commercialisation, and Community-Level Institutions for Planning and Investment. Other areas of work have included Atolls Agriculture, Organic Agriculture, Fair Trade, Women in Markets, and Networking Farmer Organisations.
It is anticipated that the schedule for pipeline projects is: Fiji and Kiribati (2013), Solomon Islands (2014), Fiji (2015), Samoa (2016), Tonga (2017).
Completed Country and Regional Projects
- Mainstreaming of Rural Development Innovations (MORDI), Phase 1 was a USD 2.0 million Regional Grant for Fiji, Tonga, and Kiribati, effective 2004-2009.
- Programme for accelerating the Financial Empowerment of Poor Rural Communities in Asia & the Pacific through rural finance Innovations (APRACA)was a USD 1.2 million Regional Grant, effective 2007-2012.
- Mainstreaming of Rural Development Innovations (MORDI), Phase 2 was a USD 1.5million Regional Grant for Fiji, Tonga, and Kiribati, effective 2008-2012.
- Development of Regional Certification Standards for Organic Agriculture was a USD 200,000 Regional Grant, effective 2006-2009.
- Building Capacities on Certification of Organic Agriculture was a USD 200,000 Regional Grant, effective 2005-2009.
- Establishment of a Centre of Excellence for Atoll Agriculture Research and Development, was a USD 200,000 Regional Grant, effective 2007-2010.
- Roundtable Meeting on WTO and Regional Trade Agreements, was a USD 150,000 Regional Grant, effective 2008-2010.
- Biofuels: Opportunities and Implications for Sustainable Livelihoods of Rural Poor, was a USD 100,000 Regional Grant, effective 2008-2010.
- Roundtable Meeting on WTO and Regional Trade Agreements, was a USD 500,000 Regional Grant, effective 2010-2011.
- Cultivation and Production of Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms, was a USD 47,000 Country Grant for Papua New Guinea, effective 2012.
Mangrove Rehabilitation for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation, was a USD 40,000 Country Grant for the Solomon Islands, effective 2012.
Results & Impacts
The current level of IFAD financing committed in the Pacific is USD 25 million.
The experiences with the various projects targeted to alleviate poverty in rural areas in the Pacific Island countries has informed the new Sub-regional Strategy, which is scheduled for submission to the IFAD executive Board in September 2013. These have included lessening the disparities between the outer and the main islands by developing agricultural and marine resources, and demonstrating that micro-credit can significantly improve the living standards of the rural poor. They have also shown the successes of local capacity-building.
The projects and programmes are executed in collaboration with partners, including:
Further Information about the Pacific Island Countries
- Cook Islands
- Federated States of Micronesia
- Marshall Islands
- Solomon Islands