Labour migration has become a key issue in today's globalised world, and it has become a major factor in the lives of the people in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan region. Migration is a cross-cutting issue that affects mountain people and the environment in a multifaceted way. Migration can be seen as a challenge, but it also has many potential benefits for livelihood strategies, poverty alleviation, gender equity, disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation, and natural resource management, and these need to be recognized and harnessed.
Labour migration in the Hindu Kush-Himalayas (HKH), as in other mountain areas of the world, is not a new phenomenon. People have been oÂn the move since time immemorial. However, in recent years, the effects of overall global change have led to a considerable increase in migration. Mountain people are more aware than ever before of opportunities elsewhere. Better communication technologies and falling transportation costs enable previously immobile people to migrate temporarily for work.
Labour migration is one of the major livelihood strategies of mountain people and growth rates of migration in the countries of the HKH are striking. It can be an effective strategy for livelihood adaptation and can contribute to the sustainable alleviation of poverty in mountain areas. Migration generates financial and human capital, which is a potential driver for poverty reduction. Migrants affect the wellbeing and development of their community and country in a multifaceted way. Migration can provide benefits through both social and financial remittances which urgently needs to be leveraged for poverty alleviation and development.
For more information, kindly visit the links below:
Labour Migration and Remittances in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan Region (PDF, 600KB)
- Labour Migration in the Hindu Kush-Himalayas : A core livelihood strategy
- Labour Migration in the Hindu Kush-Himalayas : Gender Challenges
- Labour Migration in the HKH (Video, 3.9MB)
- Migration and remittances in Nepal (PDF, 130KB)
For further details, please contact
Ms. Brigitte Hoermann, Ph.D, Economist
Sustainable Livelihoods / Economic Analysis
International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development
GPO Box 3226, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Direct Line 5003310 Ext 223