About Development Themes   

Agriculture

Content related to: crops, livestock, fisheries, forestry, irrigation, pest control.

Agriculture continues to be the mainstay of rural livelihood in most project countries.

Climate Change & Environment

content related to: climate change, environment, including among others renewable energy, bio-fuels, bio-gas, solar energy, desertification
Many IFAD project beneficiaries live on ecologically fragile land without access to financing and infrastructure that would allow them to withstand the impact of climate change.

Community Based Development

Content related to: community-based development, including topics such as community-driven development, local development, self-help groups

Food Security & Nutrition

Content related to: food security, nutrition, food safety, food storage, consumption
Food insecurity ranges from hunger through fear of starvation to extreme famine, and can be either chronic or transitory. Despite food production increases in past decades, there are over 800 million people worldwide who are chronically hungry, and up to 2 billion people lacking food security.

Gender

Content related to: gender audits, gender balance, gender equality, gender analysis, gender checklists for agriculture, livestock, and rural enterprise, gender equity, and women's empowerment.

Information & Communications Technology (ICT)

Content related to: information technology, communications technology, internet, mobile telephones.

Indigenous People

Content related to: indigenous people, traditional societies and tribal groups including tribal development activities, empowerment, livelihoods and community development programmes.
Indigenous peoples are communities and nations who claim a historical continuity and cultural affinity with societies predating the formation of modern political states.

Knowledge Management

Content related to: knowledge management, knowledge sharing, and learning

Markets & Value Chain

Content related to: markets, marketing, value chains

Microenterprises

Content related to: micro-enterprises, small-scale enterprises, and related entrepreneurship, business services and business development issues

Monitoring & Evaluation

Content related to: monitoring and evaluation, including issues results and impact, the IFAD Results an Impact Measurement System (RIMS), participatory monitoring, indicators, logical frameworks, and on-going, internal and external evaluation

Natural Resource Management

Content related to: The management and usage rights of natural resources such as land, water, soil, plants and animals

Policy Analysis

Content related to: policy analysis, policy dialogue and policy impact in the context of development programmes and projects

Supervision & Implementation Support

Content relating to: The IFAD supervision and implementation support processes

Remittances

Content related to: remittances, money and other financial resource transfers.

Risk & Vulnerability

Content related to: issues of risk, risk management, risk aversion, vulnerability, and vulnerability mapping

Rural Finance

Content related to: rural finance, microfinance, insurance, formal and informal financial institutions, banking, lending, credit and savings

South-South & Triangular Cooperation (SSTC)

Content related to: cooperation amongst countries in Asia, Latin America, Africa, the Near East, and the Pacific.

Targetting

Content relating to: the intended beneficiaries of IFAD projects including the identification of target groups, vulnerability mapping, poverty mapping, poverty assessments.

Youth

Content related to: youth and young people, including employment issues.

News News

1_WAR_ifad_newsportlet
https://asia.ifad.org/themes/-/news/16611/normal?&#p_1_WAR_ifad_newsportlet

Rural Transformation Still a Challenge for SE Asia: ASEAN-EU Youth Forum

Display Date: 10/27/17

Jakarta. Ron Hartman, country director for Indonesia at the International Fund for Agricultural Development, or IFAD, said younger generations play key role in achieving food security and good rural transformation, and their voices should be included in policymaking processes.

Speaking at the opening of a two-day youth forum on agriculture at the Association of Southeast Asian Nations Secretariat in Jakarta on Wednesday (25/10), Hartman said the event seeks to highlight the opportunities and potentials the agriculture and agribusiness sectors have for young people.

"It's important to give young people a voice. Generally, decisions are made for young people. What this event tries to do is to make sure young people themselves can have a say on what policies affect them and what opportunities they can develop," he said.

The Asean-EU Youth Forum saw in attendance youth representatives from Asean member countries and the European Union.

According to Hartman, attracting investment and promoting activities in rural areas remain a development challenge for all countries in Southeast Asia.

"It really depends on what policies are in place to encourage good rural transformation, to make sure young people have employment opportunities, incentives to start agribusiness activities and to remain in rural areas," he explained.

The region's agricultural sector has been recognized as one of its most important drivers of economic growth. However, along with rapid urbanization, increasing population and aging farmers, rural transformation in Southeast Asia faces a unique set of challenges.

The Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) data indicate that the average age of farmers in Indonesia is 45 years and above. In Malaysia, more than half of the country's farmers are aged between 45 and 64.

As Southeast Asian farmers are getting older, attracting more youth to invest, engage and apply modern technologies in the agricultural sector becomes an increasingly pertinent issue in order to prevent food production problems in the future.

"Fifty years have passed with diplomats and negotiators creating Asean. Now we want young people to be the creators of Asean, and to be able to move forward in the next 50 years," said Phasporn Sangasubana, Thailand's permanent representative to the association.

Year 2017 marks the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the regional bloc.

Low youth participation in agriculture is often tied to the views that the sector entails a dead-end, unattractive career path. According to Hartman, young people will need a supporting environment that facilitates capacity-building, access to land and start-up capital, as well as role models and business mentors.

"There's still work to do to ensure that young people have their voice heard in different policymaking processes, to integrate all the possible voices from all sides of society," EU ambassador to Asean Francisco Fontan said.

According to Sangasubana, highlighting opportunities will kick-start efforts to encourage young people to return to rural areas.

"All national governments [in Asean] are trying to give opportunities through equal access for young people to be educated, access to society so that they can come back to their hometowns to develop their own local communities," she said, adding that various stakeholders are working to make the agricultural sector more resilient, so that it becomes something "worth investing money, time and energy."

The region's youth need to be backed in order for them to support their respective communities.

"Young people have the ability and curiosity to be the agents of change for rural transformation. They need support," Hartman said.

The United Nations General Assembly meetings on Oct. 16 revealed that the international community was not on the track to achieve one of its 2030 goals — to eradicate eradicate hunger and malnutrition, which is closely linked to agriculture, food systems and the empowerment of rural communities. The Sustainable Development Goals, or 2030 Agenda, were adopted in 2015, but the number of chronically undernourished people increased to 815 million in 2016, compared with 777 million a year before.

Asean countries, including Indonesia, have adopted the Asean Integrated Food Security Framework and Strategic Plan of Action on Food Security (2015-20) in 2015.

Asean-EU Cooperation

The youth forum is one of two programs within the Asean-EU partnership that focus on the younger generations. The EU placed more than $11 million on the Support to Higher Education in the Asean Region (Share), which finances Asean university students interested in academic exchanges within the region.

"The potential for doing more in other sectors, looking at young people, is there," EU's Fontan said.

Both Sangasubana and Fontan agreed that as both sides are currently working toward upgrading to a strategic partnership, their relations are now akin to a two-way street.

"Prosperity and development in Asean is prosperity and development in Europe. We see it as a win-win situation," Fontan said.

The two regional blocs have been interacting with each other on the economic, trade and political levels for more than four decades.

Comments