The 2016 Annual Outcome Survey (AOS) for the Char Development and Settlement Project phase IV (CDSP IV) provides good evidence of the positive results being generated by this project, which aim to improve the livelihood and security of some of the poorest and most vulnerable households living on new land (called “chars”) that is emerging from the sea due to accretion of river delta silt.
CDSP IV is being implemented by six agencies of the Government of Bangladesh coordinated by the Bangladesh Water Development Board with support from four NGOs. The project is funded by IFAD, Government of Netherlands and Government of Bangladesh.
The 2016 AOS covered a sample of 576 households covering the current phase IV area as well as the three previous phases of CDSP. CDSP IV commenced in 2011, and the 2016 AOS was the fifth AOS to be carried out.
Overall almost all indicators for outcomes in CDSP IV show substantial improvements since the baseline survey in 2011. Indicators where CDSP IV has now caught up with the older CDSP areas include water and sanitation, road communications, health services, family planning, and poultry and fish production, consumption and sales. Shocks and crisis reported by households are now broadly similar across all CDSP areas. Production, consumption and sales of paddy (by far the main crop grown) in CDSP IV have now almost caught up with the older areas. CDSP IV households now do better than those in CDSP I/II and III in terms of sales of homestead fruit and vegetables, and in milk production, consumption and sales. Indicators where CDSP IV households have made good progress, but still lag behind those in the older CDSP areas, include housing, asset ownership, food security, and overall household income (farm income has caught up, but non-farm income has not). Cropping intensity in CDSP IV is still significantly lower than in CDSP I/II and III, with less cultivation of non-rice crops.
It is also worth noting that indicators have continued to improve in the CDSP I/II and III areas, with significant changes since the first round of AOS in 2012. This provides evidence of the sustainability of CDSP interventions.
The full AOS report (Technical Report number 12) can be downloaded from documents section of the CDSP IV website at http://cdsp.org.bd/